The local community mainly depends on agriculture for their subsistence, and the mountainous terrain presents many challenges for farmers and communities alike. Indeed, this is one of the toughest areas for ACF staff to work in due to long travel times to reach villages and the difficult terrain.
Whilst major parts of Darlaghat are hilly and mountainous with highly dissected and undulating terrain, Nalagarh falls under a sub mountainous region. Due to hard rock areas and hilly terrains, groundwater sources such as perennial springs, baories, tube wells and hand pumps, are low. In many parts of Darlaghat the availability of water during summer is limited.