ACF operates in Rabriyawas, Marwar Mundwa and Chirawa in what is the largest state in India – Rajashtan. Two-thirds of the state’s area is covered by the Thar desert. As such, the entire state receives scanty rainfall. Thar Desert is particularly characterised by low and erratic rainfall, high air and soil temperature, intense solar radiation and high wind velocity. These factors not only give rise to frequent droughts and famines, they also make local livelihoods highly vulnerable. In fact, Rajasthan has the maximum probability of occurrence of drought in India.
The state also falls within the areas of greatest climate sensitivity with the maximum vulnerability and lowest adaptive capacity to climate change challenges.