The challenges

ACF operates in Rabriyawas, Marwar Mundwa and Chirawa in what is the largest state in India – Rajashtan. Two-thirds of the state’s area is covered by the Thar desert. As such, the entire state receives scanty rainfall. Thar Desert is particularly characterised by low and erratic rainfall, high air and soil temperature, intense solar radiation and high wind velocity. These factors not only give rise to frequent droughts and famines, they also make local livelihoods highly vulnerable. In fact, Rajasthan has the maximum probability of occurrence of drought in India.

The state also falls within the areas of greatest climate sensitivity with the maximum vulnerability and lowest adaptive capacity to climate change challenges.

Flagship initiative - Water

Water resource development and management is most required in Rajasthan to harvest surplus runoff to augment water resources. Interventions such as rainwater harvesting is minimising the gap between demand and supply – not only enhancing availability but also reducing the runoff. As such, reducing soil erosion and accelerating groundwater recharge

Following are the activities being taken by ACF in water resource management.

Revival of traditional water sources — ponds, nadi, talaab

Water harvesting — tanka, check dams, farm ponds

Groundwater recharge — khadin, tube well recharges, dykes, percolation wells

In situ moisture conservation — farm bunds, gabion, LSCD

Promotion of efficient irrigation methods — drip, sprinkler

Creating awareness through school rallies, village camps, trainings, exposures

Post maintenance system — VDC, WUA